//graizoah.com/afu.php?zoneid=3337959 A Qualitative Study of Methadone Patients - methadone-anonymous

methadone-anonymous

Methadone HCL Tablet, Soluble. ... This medication is used to treat addiction to opioids (such as heroin) as part of an approved treatment program. Methadone belongs to a class of drugs known as opioid (narcotic) analgesics.

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Saturday, December 21, 2019

A Qualitative Study of Methadone Patients

Learn about methadone and its treatment methods
Methadone is a drug that is used to relieve pain, as methadone belongs to the group of narcotic therapies, and it is also used in the treatment of various types of pain, including moderate and severe, as methadone works to inhibit all pain receptors in the central nervous system, so doctors resort To treat drug addiction by methadone, it should not be used except by the physician directly attending the case of the addicted person. In the event that large doses of methadone are used or for long periods without the doctor’s guidance, it causes the person a type of methadone addiction so the person should not use c Large or increasing steadily At the use of methadone to relieve the pain suffered by the person does not even lead to the opposite result so you must comply with the instructions of the physician regarding the required doses of methadone and how to use and the type of property.PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites."


Uses of methadone:

Methadone is used as a drug to get rid of severe cases of addiction to drug types such as heroin, cocaine, opium, and others, as methadone works to alleviate withdrawal symptoms of anesthetic substance from the body, where methadone is available on the market under the following trade names: Methadose, Dolphin, and methadone are drugs A strong analgesic against opiate anesthetic receptors and works to reduce the action of receptors, from opiates to in turn reduce the side effects of the patient's withdrawal from drug addiction, which makes him in a condition that must be addressed to continue to treat his addiction. Reducing the dose of methadone in a gradual manner until the patient is completely recovered, and methadone also works to clamp the nerve messages that reach the brain causing dry coughs that lead to the irritation of the lungs and cause lung cancer as methadone relieves pain because it is a strong opioid analgesic, but one of the most important alerts Before using methadone, it should not be used without consulting a doctor and taking doses according to its determination for each individual case, so that the patient does not have methadone addiction, and it may be taken under the supervision of addiction treatment centers as well.


How to use methadone as an addiction treatment:

It is worth noting that the method of using methadone in the areas of drug addiction treatment is in two cases
First case:
Addiction treatment is carried out in addiction treatment centers and for a specific period to help get rid of withdrawal symptoms of heroin addiction, as this method has proven studies and research related to the field of addiction treatment, as well as scientific experiments that are effective and useful in ridding the patient of heroin addiction and relieving withdrawal symptoms caused by stopping heroin addiction.PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites."

The second case:
As for the second way in which methadone is used to treat addiction, it is used as a substitute for heroin after addicts withdraw from taking heroin and their exit from therapeutic clinics from addiction. Many countries have resorted to treatment of addiction in this way due to the presence of many heroin addicts in the country and this method is used to cause Stability and increasing it among these addicts by alleviating the health and psychological withdrawal symptoms resulting from the withdrawal of the narcotic substance they are accustomed to from their bodies to facilitate their regularity in work and return to their normal personal and work life.


And it has also proven effective in relieving mental disorders that may lead in some cases to the criminal behavior resulting from heroin addiction, under strict precautionary restrictions through some licensed and specific programs for methadone therapists, because it requires a significant expansion of methadone knowledge well due to a large number of its multiple side effects as well This method of using methadone is done on a daily basis to go to these treatment centers to obtain the necessary dose from taking methadone under the supervision of a specialist.PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites."


The authorization to use methadone is in the form of a liquid in order to reduce the chance of some addicts tampering with eating large quantities of it, and despite the existence of these severe restrictions, it has caused some problems by addicts, and when no instructions for taking methadone are made, the result is the emergence of a group of addicts coming to Eating it, the risk of which doubles as it may reach sudden death when excessive consumption or mixing with another drug.



The role of methadone therapy in developed countries:
Methadone belongs to the v1937 group of powerful opiate medications from German scientists at
Methadone belongs to the v1937 group of powerful opioid medications from German scientists in the field of pain relief. Methadone has been used as a treatment for heroin addiction and a pain reliever caused by the withdrawal of drug and heroin addicts in particular since the early 1960s in the United States of America And, in the Russian Federation, according to the Federal Service for Control there for drug trafficking, nearly one and a half million heroin addicts have been detected in the country.

 This made the Russian government legalize and license addiction treatment centers and psychiatrists the freedom to treat with methadone for this serious reason and convert it from an addictive drug into a therapeutic substance from the addiction itself. From heroin addiction, and because methadone belongs to the group of opioid analgesics as it belongs to the group of opium and morphine.
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites."
The methadone treatment if ingested is well absorbed from the gut, which reaches 90% and about thirty minutes in the blood, so that methadone begins to work as a pain reliever, and its concentration remains a maximum in the body within four hours after taking it. This methadone doses accumulate in all tissues of the body, so age Half of the organism reaches fourteen hours, but the effect of methadone as a painkiller lasts for only four to five hours. During this time, the addict has a great state of euphoria and happiness. Excessive use of methadone leads to a disorder in high nervous activities, confusion, hallucinations and some visual disturbances.
The role of methadone therapy in developed countries:
The field of pain relief. Methadone has been started as a treatment for heroin addiction and a pain reliever caused by the withdrawal of drug addicts and heroin in particular since the early sixties of the last century in the United States of America, and in the Russian Federation, according to the Federal Service for Control there for drug trafficking. About one and a half million heroin addicts in the country.PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites."

 This made the Russian government legalize and license addiction treatment centers and psychiatrists the freedom to treat with methadone for this serious reason and convert it from an addictive drug into a therapeutic substance from the addiction itself. From heroin addiction, and because methadone belongs to the group of opioid analgesics as it belongs to the group of opium and morphine.

The methadone treatment if ingested is well absorbed from the gut, which reaches 90% and about thirty minutes in the blood, so that methadone begins to work as a pain reliever, and its concentration remains a maximum in the body within four hours after taking it. This methadone doses accumulate in all tissues of the body, so age Half of the organism reaches fourteen hours, but the effect of methadone as a painkiller lasts for only four to five hours. During this time, the addict has a great state of euphoria and happiness. Excessive use of methadone leads to a disorder in high nervous activities, confusion, hallucinations, and some visual disturbances.



Contraindications to methadone use:
It is known that every medicinal drug, whatever its effectiveness in relieving pain, is accompanied by eating this issue that this drug has contraindications with which it is impossible to take the drug, and among these drugs methadone must read these contraindications well in order not to deteriorate the patient's health and among these contraindications:

Methadone should be avoided for patients who are hypersensitive to methadone or any of its ingredients.
Methadone should be avoided for patients with obstructive airway or respiratory diseases, and there are types of severe respiratory depression.
Methadone should be avoided for patients with suspected ileus or poisoning that have caused watery diarrhea.
Also, you should stay away from taking methadone for patients who take selegiline treatment because of the conflict of the active substance between it and the treatment of methadone.
Before taking methadone for a pregnant woman, you should consult her physician or pharmacist for the possibility of a risk to the fetus in some cases of pregnancy. Also, it is not recommended to use methadone for the breastfeeding woman because it is excreted in breastfeeding breast milk.
Care should be taken when using older people to treat methadone, as they are affected by increased sensitivity, unlike young people, methadone components.
You must inform the attending physician when taking methadone and afterward the following symptoms have occurred:

Abdominal pain and disorders not diagnosed, or adrenal insufficiency, if there are gallbladder and biliary disorders, depression and nervous system depression, liver disorders and disorders, kidney disorders and disorders, a condition of enlarged prostate gland, problems and disorders in the urination process, And in the event of excessive obesity or breathing problems.
Methadone may cause thyroid disorders.
Methadone may affect the central nervous system, in addition to its effect on the patient's mental activity, and therefore caution must be followed carefully.
When doing activities that require concentration, such as driving a car or using dangerous machinery, alcohol should not be consumed while taking methadone.


Side effects of methadone treatment:
There are also side effects for the treatment of methadone, and we must be alert to them well and not to take methadone except after consulting a doctor. Also, the pharmacist must not dispense the drug without clearance from the doctor or treatment centers for addiction, as the treatment of methadone has many side effects, including the following:

Methadone intake may cause nervous tension, anxiety, insomnia, difficulty sleeping, and trouble during it, as well as dry mouth, vomiting, nausea, constipation or diarrhea, loss of appetite, lack of desire and sexual ability of both sexes.
The person taking methadone should not take any of the drowsy or soothing remedies such as insomnia, allergies, cold, narcotic, epilepsy, and muscle relaxant treatments, in conjunction with taking methadone without the permission of the doctor or pharmacist and consult with them for conflicts with their work with methadone.
If you take the following medicines, you must inform the attending physician to request the necessary analyzes and examinations before deciding on the treatment by taking methadone. Among these medicines are the following:
Biologic diuretics such as ciprofloxacin, azithromycin, and erythromycin, as well as antifungals such as itraconazole ketoconazole and other high blood pressure treatments such as verapamil, diltiazem, and heart disease, or treatments used against viruses or AIDS diseases such as venazine, as well as treatments for convulsive disorders or epilepsy.
Methadone use may cause physical and psychological addiction, which makes it difficult for the patient to dispense with, so throughout the period of methadone treatment, you should consult a doctor at every stage of methadone treatment, determine quantities, accept them, and supply them according to the doctor’s vision. When severe side effects occur, the patient must be transferred immediately to the hospital or call The attending physician.



Forms of methadone:
Methadone therapy is available under the following trade names: Methadose, Dolophine, and is available as an injection solution at a concentration of 10 mg/ml, syrup at a concentration of 5 with / 5 ml concentrated, tablets in doses of 10 mg, 5 mg, 40 mg, and stored in a circle.

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